A geotechnical engineer is a professional who constructs major structures on land while safeguarding, preserving, or taking into account the Earth's natural form and environment. They avoid damaging the natural flora and fauna by carefully investigating the surroundings of construction sites and determining the soil’s stability and status.
Geotechnical engineers don’t work alone. They’re team players who require the skills of other professionals, such as geologists and hydrogeologists, in order to do their work properly. Geotechnical engineers are necessary for the construction of major land-based structures such as dams, tunnels, and oil refineries. By working together as a team, these professionals are able to help each other create solutions in making structures that are safe for both the people and nature.
Expertise in Geotechnical Engineering is also important in order to progress in some career paths. Without knowledge in Geosciences, an engineer will not be an effective team leader on the field. Unaoil, an oil and gas services company based in the Middle East, requires their engineering managers to be knowledgeable in Geosciences and topographical surveys in order to be effective in making construction decisions. A good geotechnical engineer uses tools that are based on the principles of physics, chemistry, chronology, biology, and mathematics.
Geotechnical engineers commonly work in industrial sites but they are also useful for private residences. For example, if people have a septic system failure at home, a geotechnical engineer can help them design a good system based on tests. Conversely, if people have a drainage problem, geotechnical engineers can design a system that will keep the soil around a home’s foundation drained.
Geotechnical engineers can do a lot more, but that’s basically the gist of their work. Their input is very important in the assembly of edifices and without them, harmony between nature and foreign objects would be destroyed.